Just as we have some countries that are richer than the others, there are countries in the world that are bigger or larger than the others. These largest countries in the world are ranked by land mass which measures thousands of square kilometers.
The earth has the total land surface area of about 57,308,738 square miles, of which, the deserts occupy about 33% while about 24% is mountainous. Subtracting the 57% and the uninhabitable places (32,665,981 mi2) from the total land area, we then have 24,642,757 square miles or 15.77 billion acres of habitable land that are generously distributed to 195 countries in the world with Russia, Canada and the United States Of America (USA) cutting a bigger chunk of the land mass.
Russia tops the list as the largest country with a total land mass of 17,075,200 Km2; followed by Canada with a land mass of about 7090530 Km2 less than that of Russia. To answer why these countries are so large than the others depends on the history and geographical locations of the country. Russia, for instance, has the highest land mass even though its entire population is far less than the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Hence, the country’s ability to acquire a vast tract of the land mass is due to the high latitude. However, countries like Sweden, Poland, Lithuania, Turkey, and Crimea were reduced to such small states by Russia through some cunny military alliances.
China’s land mass accumulation was majorly based on its historical background where many dynasties were conquered by the old and legendary Chinese dynasties. Other factors that contributed to China’s massive land mass include the country’s culture, writing, science, technology, and its sea border. This could as well apply to other countries of the world. With this understanding, let’s take a look at the top six countries of the world that have the highest land mass.
Land Mass (sq.km): 7,741,220
Population (2016): 24.13 million
Australia is a country, and continent, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Its major cities – Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide – are coastal, but its capital, Canberra, is inland and nicknamed the “Bush Capital.” The country is known for its Sydney Opera House, Great Barrier Reef, the vast Outback (interior desert wilderness) and unique animal species including kangaroos and duck-billed platypuses.
Land Mass: 8,515,770
Population (2016): 207.7 million
Brazil, a vast South American country, stretches from the Amazon Basin in the north to vineyards and massive Iguaçu Falls in the south. Rio de Janeiro, symbolized by its 38m Christ the Redeemer statue atop Mt. Corcovado, is famed for its busy Copacabana and Ipanema beaches as well as its enormous, raucous carnival festival, featuring parade floats, flamboyant costumes, and samba.
Land Mass (sq.km.): 9,596,961
Population 2016: 1.379 billion
China, a communist nation in East Asia, is one of the world’s most populous countries. Its vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and 14,500km of coastline. Beijing, the capital, mixes modern architecture with historic sites including sprawling Tiananmen Square. Its largest city, Shanghai, is a skyscraper-studded global financial center. The iconic Great Wall of China fortification runs east-west across the country’s north.
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Land Mass (sq.km.): 9,857,348
Population 2017: 325.7 million
The U.S. is a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America, with Alaska in the extreme Northwest and Hawaii extending the nation’s presence into the Pacific Ocean. Major cities include New York, a global finance and culture center, and Washington, DC, the capital, both on the Atlantic Coast; Los Angeles, famed for filmmaking, on the Pacific Coast; and the Midwestern metropolis Chicago.
Land Mass(sq.km.): 9,984,670
Population 2016: 36.29 million
Canada, stretching from the U.S. in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north, is filled with vibrant cities including massive, multicultural Toronto; predominantly French-speaking Montréal and Québec City; Vancouver and Halifax on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts, respectively; and Ottawa, the capital. It’s also crossed by the Rocky Mountains and home to vast swaths of protected wilderness.
Land Mass(sq.km.): 17,098,242
Population 2016: 144.3 million
Among the largest countries in the world, Russia is known as the largest. Its borders lies with European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans, landscape ranging from tundra and forests to subtropical beaches. It’s famous for novelists Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, plus the Bolshoi and Mariinsky ballet companies. St. Petersburg, founded by legendary Russian leader Peter the Great, features the baroque Winter Palace, now housing part of the Hermitage Museum’s art collection.
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